Mahila Kisan Sashaktikaran Pariyojana (MKSP) is a special program initiated for livelihood enhancement and vulnerability reduction launched in 2010-11. The program envisages empowering women in agriculture by making systematic investments to enhance their participation and productivity, as also create and sustain agriculture based livelihoods of rural women. The program is being implemented by NRLM in partnership with State Departments/CSOs as implementing partners (PIAs) across the country. The central to state share in funding for MKSP stands at 75:25 ratio.
Under NRLM, the core agenda of MKSP is to (i) create sustainable livelihood institutions around agriculture and allied activities (ii) create sector-specific geography-specific best package of practices and (iii) create a wide pool of community resource persons for scaling up livelihood interventions in the entire country.
The mission has narrowed down to two major themes, which are a) Sustainable Agriculture, b) Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP), to work with partners in MKSP programme
I. Sustainable Agriculture: The core focus of MKSP under agriculture sector is to promote sustainable agriculture, where the inputs are localized, risks are mitigated, productivity is enhanced, food security is ensured and hence net income of family is increased. The important objectives of MKSP-Agriculture are to:
a. Create sustainable agricultural livelihood opportunities for women in agriculture;
b. Ensure food and nutrition security at the household and the community level;
c. Improve the skills and capabilities of women in agriculture to support farm-based activities;
d. Enhance the managerial capacities of women in agriculture for better management of bio-diversity
II. Non Timber Forest Produce (NTFP): The core focus of MKSP under NTFP sector is to enhance livelihoods of NTFP collectors by promoting the entire value chain at various levels - regeneration, collection, processing & marketing. The important objectives of MKSP-NTFP are to:
a.Ensure a better control of the institutions of the poor women NTFP collectors over the NTFP value chain.
b.Promote regeneration of NTFP species to improve the bio diversity and enhanced productivity
c.Build the capacity of the community in modern harvesting and post harvesting techniques to increase their income.
d. Promote value addition of NTFP to ensure higher returns
e. Develop market linkages for NTFP
PROGRESS OF THE PROGRAM IN ODISHA:
1) MKSP (Agriculture): Under MKSP (Agriculture) proposals of seven PIAs have been sanctioned by MoRD. PIAs under MKSP (Agriculture) are SODI Consortium-Lead-Madhyam / LAVS / Harsha Trust / Madhyam Foundation / ORRISSA / MS Swaminathan Research Foundation / PRADAN. These proposals with a total project cost of Rs.38.50 crores for three years will be covering 35,450 Mahila Kisans of nine (9) districts of the states. The districts are Koraput, Rayagada, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Kalahandi, Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Khordha and Kandhamal.
2) MKSP (NTFP): Out of 37 project proposals received, six (6) proposals have been recommended to NMMU after a thorough desk appraisal and technical evaluation by domain experts. 4 proposals have been recommended for further field appraisal, which has been completed.
OBJECTIVES OF MKSP (AGRICULTURE) :
The primary objective of MKSP Sustainable Agriculture is to empower women in agriculture by making systematic investments to enhance their participation and productivity, as also create and sustain agriculture based livelihoods of rural women
Specific objectives of MKSP are as under:
KEY ACTIVITIES OF THE PIA’s :
Organization and Mobilization of women in agriculture into groups (SHG’s/ Federations/ Women Farmer organizations)
Below is the summary details of the 7 PIAs who are working under MKSP-Agriculture in Odisha
|Sl. No.||Name of PIA’s||Proposed Districts||Total Mahila Kisans Targeted||Total MKSP Project Cost (over implementation period of 3 years)
|Central Share (in cr.)||State Share
|Average cost per Mahila Kisan
|Average income/annum/Mahila Kisan at the end of 3 years|
|1||South Odisha Development Initiative) consortium
Lead PIA – Madhyam Foundation
|Nawrangpur, Rayagada, Koraput, Malkangiri||13200||18.556||13.917||(25% will be borne by Sir Dorabjee Trust)||14057||16200|
|2||Life Academy of Vocational Studies||Koraput||3000||1.734||1.3||0.434||5780||11400|
|4||MS Swaminathan Research Foundation||Koraput||2500||3.134||2.35||0.784||12536||22000|
|5||Madhyam Foundation||Kalahandi, Malkangiri, Khurda||6000||4.194||3.145||1.049||6990||12000|
|6||Professional Assistance for Development Action(PRADAN)||Keonjhar, Mayurbhanj, Rayagada||6000||6.168||4.626||1.542||10280||17500|
|7||Organization for Rural Reconstruction & Integrated Social Service Activities (ORRISSA)||Malkangiri, Kandhamal||3000||3.43||2.572||0.858||11433||15000|
Website Details of PIAs under MKS- Agriculture :
|7||SODI - Consortium of NGOs. Lead is Madhyam Foundation|